Factsheet: Nature Conservation Act

Nature Conservation Act

Key Information
Full name of Instrument & Measure (English): 
Nature Conservation Act (1096/1996, as amended by 492/1997, 144/1999, 371/1999, 553/2004, 1069/2004, 506/2005 and 591/2005), the Nature Conservation Decree (160/1997, as amended by 916/1997, 14/2002 and 913/2005)
Full name of Instrument & Measure (native language): 
Luonnonsuojelulaki ja - asetus
The aim of the act is to preserve the diversity of nature in Finland, by ensuring that the favourable conservation status of different natural habitat types and native species is maintained or restored. The act introduces a programme designed to protect areas of valuable landscapes in areas where human activity has greatly shaped the landscape for centuries. These areas are mainly selected for their aesthetic value, and any development which would change the characteristic features of their landscape will not be permitted. The act also incorporates the legislation necessary for the establishment of the Natura 2000 Network. This differs significantly from the legislation related to national conservation programmes, for example in the degree of development permissible in areas included in the network. Nature Conservation Decree lists protected species, threatened species, species needing special protection, and species which need strict protection according to the EU Habitats Directive. The decree obliges the Ministry of the Environment to organise the monitoring of native species and natural habitats, and act where necessary to ensure they gain or keep a favourable conservation status
- Preserve the diversity of nature. - Sustainable use of natural resources and the environment.
Responsible Authority: 
The Ministry of Environment; Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment; Forestry Centre


Year Instrument & Measure Started: 
Year Last Instrument & Measure was last Amended: