Factsheet: Feed-in tariff

Feed-in tariff

Key Information


Full name of Instrument & Measure (English): 
Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Feed-in tariff
Full name of Instrument & Measure (native language): 
Loi n°2000-108 du 10 février 2000 relative à la modernisation et au développement du service public de l'électricité - Tariff d'achat
In France, electricity from renewable sources is promoted through a price regulation system based on a feed-in tariff. For biomass only plants whose installed capacity does not exceed 12 MW are eligible (art. 10 par. 2 Loi n°2000-108; art. 2 Décret n°2000-1196). For biogas plants electricity shall be generated either through the combustion of gas, which shall be produced through the pyrolysis or fermentation of substances and waste from agriculture, forestry and related industries, or through the treatment of water, or from domestic waste through the use of biogas (art. 1 Arrêté du 19 mai 2011 biogaz). For biomass plants electricity must be generated through the combustion of non-fossil matter of plant or animal origin (art. 1 Arrêté du 27 janvier 2011 biomasse). Biomass-fired combined heat and power plants shall have a capacity of more than 2 MW (art. 10 n°2, Loi n° 2000-108). The tariff rate depends on the costs of investment and operation, which arise for the plant operators but are to be borne by the suppliers (EDF and private suppliers). In addition, plant operators may receive a premium, which depends on the amount of electricity exported and is intended to reflect the degree to which this electricity helped achieve the national energy targets (art. 5 and 10 Loi n°2000-108). The tariff is provided during 15 years for biogas plants (Art. 5, Arrêté du 19 mai 2011 biogaz) and 20 years for biomass plants (Art. 4, Arrêté du 27 janvier 2011 biomasse).
Support electricity from renewable sources.

Sector/Topic targeted:

Responsible Authority: 
Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy


Trade Relevance: 
biomass plants up to 12MW receive FIT
Year Instrument & Measure Started: 
Year Last Instrument & Measure was last Amended: