Factsheet: ZAE Cana

ZAE Cana

Key Information
Full name of Instrument & Measure (English): 
Agro Ecological Zoning of sugarcane ZAE Cana
Full name of Instrument & Measure (native language): 
ZAE Cana: Zoneamento Agroecologico da Cana de Açúcar
Description: 
The overall objective of Agro Ecological Zoning of sugarcane is to provide technical support to formulate of public policies aimed at the expansion and sustainable production of sugar cane in Brazil. Through digital processing techniques a valuation of the potential land for crop production of cane sugar in rainfed conditions (without full irrigation) was carried out based on the physical, chemical and mineralogical soils characteristics expressed spatially in soil surveys and studies on climate risk related to the requirements of the crop (rainfall, temperature, drought and frost occurrence). The ZAE Cana includes a set of strict environmental, economic, social, climate and soil restrictions that serve as mandatory guidelines, limiting future expansion of sugarcane to 7.5% of the Brazilian territory (or 64.7 million hectares). Under the criteria, 92.5% of the country is not suitable for planting sugarcane. Areas considered "technically fit" for sugarcane are as "more than sufficient" to meet future ethanol and sugar demand in coming decades, from both the domestic and global markets. With the use of new technologies, ethanol production will expand by 80% per planted hectare, which means future production increases will not necessarily require expanding the cultivated area.
Goal/Aim: 
Guidelines for agricultural practices.

Sector/Topic targeted:

Responsible Authority: 
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária / Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento

Status:

Trade Relevance: 
Policies ensuring sustainable production of biomass
Year Instrument & Measure Started: 
2009