Factsheet: Environmental Code

Environmental Code

Key Information
Full name of Instrument & Measure (English): 
Environmental Code
Full name of Instrument & Measure (native language): 
The Environmental Code constitutes a modernised, broadened and more stringent environmental legislation aimed at promoting sustainable development. It came into force on 1 January 1999. It replaced fifteen previous environmental acts which were amalgamated into the Code. Environmental Code includes even rules of consideration which means that anyone who causes or threatens to cause damage to the environment is responsible for remedying or preventing the damage (polluter pays principle). 1 § The provisions of this Code aims to promote sustainable development so that present and future generations a healthy and good environment. Such development is based on the realization that nature is worthy of protection and that the right to modify and exploit nature with a responsibility for management of natural resources. The Environmental Code shall apply to 1. human health and the environment are protected against damage and nuisance whether caused by pollution or other influences, 2. valuable natural and cultural environments are protected and cared for, 3. preservation of biological diversity, 4. soil, water and natural environment are used so that from an ecological, social, cultural and economic perspective sustainable management safeguarded, and 5. reuse and recycling as well as other management of materials, raw materials and energy are promoted so that a cycle is reached.
Responsible Authority: 
Ministry of the Environment


Year Instrument & Measure Started: 
Year Last Instrument & Measure was last Amended: