Factsheet: Renewable energy sources act (EEG)

Renewable energy sources act (EEG)

Key Information
Full name of Instrument & Measure (English): 
Renewable Energy Sources Act 2012 - Act on Granting Priority to Renewable Energy Sources
Full name of Instrument & Measure (native language): 
Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz 2012 - Gesetz für den Vorrang Erneuerbarer Energien
In Germany, the most important means to promote electricity from renewable sources is the feed-in tariff as set out in the EEG. The act aims to increase the proportion of electricity from renewable energy sources in total energy supply from at least 35% in 2020 to at least 80% by 2050 and to integrate these quantities of electricity in the electricity supply system. The amount of tariff for a given plant is the tariff level as defined by law minus the degression rate, which depends on the year in which the plant was put into operation. For the scope of application of the EEG, the BiomasseV Ordinance regulates which substances are classed as biomass, the substances for which an additional substance-based tariff may be claimed, which energy-related reference values are to be used to calculate this tariff and how the substance-based tariff is to be calculated, which technical procedures for electricity generation from biomass fall within the scope of application of the Act and which environmental requirements must be met in generating electricity from biomass. The Biomass Sustainability Regulation stipulates the sustainability requirements for bioliquids, according to the Renewable Energy Directive.
Increase the share of renewable energy in electricity production.

Sector/Topic targeted:

Responsible Authority: 
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (BMU))


Trade Relevance: 
no FIT above 20 MW
Year Instrument & Measure Started: 
Year Last Instrument & Measure was last Amended: