Factsheet: Forest Law

Forest Law

Key Information
Full name of Instrument & Measure (English): 
Law 43/2003, dated November 21, on forestry
Full name of Instrument & Measure (native language): 
Ley 43/2003, de 21 de noviembre, de Montes
Law 43/2003 acknowledges the social function of forests both as the source of natural resources and the supplier of a wide range of environmental services. This recognition of the benefits to be obtained from forests and the externalities they produce, enjoyed by society as a whole, obliges the State to take active policies to promote preventative measures and the conservation, protection, replacement, improvement and use of forests. It is based on principles which are framed in the fundamental concept of sustainable forest management (among others, the promotion of forest production and rural development, conservation of forest biodiversity, integration of forest policy in international environmental objectives and cooperation between administrations). The Law recognizes global change mitigation and wood energy as valuable functions of forests that should be enhanced. It also directs public administrations to promote positive environmental benefits from forests, including carbon fixation. Public administrations may grant subsidies, conclude contracts with owners or invest directly in public lands to achieve the goals.
Regulate sustainable forest management

Sector/Topic targeted:

Responsible Authority: 
Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment


Year Instrument & Measure Started: 
Year Last Instrument & Measure was last Amended: