Factsheet: Law on natural heritage and biodiversity

Law on natural heritage and biodiversity

Key Information
Full name of Instrument & Measure (English): 
Law 42/2007, dated December 13, on natural heritage and biodiversity Royal Decree 1274/2011, dated September 16, approving the strategic plan on natural heritage and biodiversity 2011-2017, applying Law 42/2007, dated December 13, on natural heritage and biodiversity
Full name of Instrument & Measure (native language): 
Ley 42/2007, de 13 de diciembre, del Patrimonio Natural y de la Biodiversidad Real Decreto 1274/2011, de 16 de septiembre, por el que se aprueba el Plan estratégico del patrimonio natural y de la biodiversidad 2011-2017, en aplicación de la Ley 42/2007, de 13 de diciembre, del Patrimonio Natural y de la Biodiversidad
Description: 
Law 42/2007, of 13 December, on natural heritage and biodiversity, establishes the basic legal framework for the conservation, sustainable use, improvement and restoration of Spain’s natural heritage and biodiversity and encompasses the regulations set out in the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity. As established in Law 42/2007, Spain has drafted a Strategic Plan for National Heritage and Biodiversity which was defined by means of Royal Decree 1274/2011. The Plan features an analysis of biodiversity in Spain and reviews the most significant issues and the commitments undertaken to ensure its conservation and sustainable use. The Plan establishes a series of specificGoals, Targets and Actions for government to fulfil. The overall goal is to halt biodiversity loss and the decline of ecosystem services, then restore them to their former state. Of the nine goals set, the following are particularly significant: – Acquire the knowledge needed to ensure conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity; – Encourage mainstreaming of biodiversity issues in agriculture, tourism and the management of inland and marine waters; – Reduce the impact of invasive alien species; – Inform the public and raise awareness about biodiversity issues and encourage public commitment to biodiversity conservation; and – Design a biodiversity conservation policy, taking into account biodiversity’s economic value and the needs of climate change adaptation.
Goal/Aim: 
regulate natural heritage and biodiversity
Responsible Authority: 
Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment

Status:

Year Instrument & Measure Started: 
2007
Year Last Instrument & Measure was last Amended: 
2013
Year Instrument & Measure Ended: 
2017